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Ice in the Arctic Ocean melted to its second-lowest level on record this summer, triggered by global warming along with natural forces, say US scientists. China’s 2018 Arctic Policy vows to address climate change in the Arctic and to protect its vulnerable environment, but details are missing. The seven other Arctic states are Canada, Iceland, Norway, Sweden, Finland, Denmark (by virtue of Greenland), and Russia. The climate of the Arctic is characterized by long, cold winters and short, cool summers. Changes to the Arctic brought about by warming temperatures will likely allow more exploration for oil, gas, and minerals. Stories and interactives exploring our environment and seeking solutions to climate change. What happens in the Arctic will have global repercussions on accelerating cli… A British teenager staged a sit-in on an Arctic ice floe to protest climate change. In 2000, the USARC along with representatives from the National Ice Center, the Oceanographer of the Navy, the office of Naval Research, Measurements of Earth Data for Environmental Analysis (MEDEA) and the U.S. Coast Guard met to map out national and strategic issues surrounding Naval operations in an ice-free or ice … The white area shows the average minimum extent of sea ice in summer as of 1975. By Lianne Kolirin, CNN. "We see the impact of Arctic warming in the form of unprecedented heat waves, floods, droughts, wildfire that we are now contending with here in the US and around the rest of the world.". Large commercial fisheries exist in the Arctic. Report to Congress on Changes in the Arctic, Member Services call 800-233-8764 or 410-268-6110, VIDEO: Blue Angels Fly Legacy Hornets For Last Time. Updated 1513 GMT (2313 HKT) September 25, 2020 . Earth is our only home and we must do everything we can to protect it. By MATTHEW LEE May 7, 2019 GMT. Arctic climate change is also expected to affect the economies, health, and cultures of Arctic indigenous peoples. 1 of 6. Studies show that the warming of the Arctic and the melting of sea ice change weather further south by altering the jet stream and other waves that move weather systems. This year's melt is second only to 2012, when the ice shrank to 3.4 million square kilometres, according to the US National Snow and Ice Data Centre (NSIDC), which has been keeping satellite records since 1979. This video focuses on the problems faced by the Arctic. But due to the climate emergency, warmer temperatures have meant dramatic changes to seasonal ice fluctuations, including when ice shows up, how much of it shows up and how long it hangs around for. Changes in the Arctic could affect threatened and endangered species, and could result in migration of fish stocks to new waters. The Arctic is warming at a rate of almost twice the global average. By Richard Stone Sep. 9, 2020 , 11:55 AM. … The Coast Guard has two operational polar icebreakers and has received funding for the procurement of the first of at least three planned new polar icebreakers. "Absolutely we're seeing climate change at work because the warm summers become warmer and the cold winters aren't as cold as they were," Mr Serreze said, noting there's been a downward trend over the last decade, with slight jumps up and down due to natural factors. Soldier describes 'insane' experience of helping with Melbourne COVID-19 quarantine, Demand for property has reached fever pitch, latest ABS figures suggest, Cambodia has zero deaths from COVID-19. Changes in the Arctic could affect threatened and endangered species, and could result in migration of fish stocks to new waters. China’s growing diplomatic, economic, and scientific activities in the Arctic have become a matter of increasing curiosity or concern among the Arctic states and other observers. News Stories Publications The Circle. The last in a series on Climate Change. Key U.S. policy documents relating to the Arctic include National Security Presidential Directive 66/Homeland Security Presidential Directive 25 (NSPD 66/HSPD 25) of January 9, 2009; the National Strategy for the Arctic Region of May 10, 2013; the January 30, 2014, implementation plan for the 2013 national strategy; and Executive Order 13689 of January 21, 2015, on enhancing coordination of national efforts in the Arctic. The following is the Nov. 4, 2019, Congressional Research Service report, Changes in the Arctic: Background and Issues for Congress. "What happens in the Arctic, as we say, doesn't stay in the Arctic," Pennsylvania State University climate scientist Michael Mann wrote in an email. At a time when other military news outlets have been furloughing or laying off staff during the largest national security crisis since 2001, USNI News ramped up coverage and generated more web traffic in the last six months than in the previous two years. Perhaps the most well-known example is climate change, a phenomenon which originates outside the Arctic but is having a significant impact on the region’s unique and fragile environment. The diminishment of Arctic ice could lead in coming years to increased commercial shipping on two trans-Arctic sea routes—the Northern Sea Route close to Russia, and the Northwest Passage close to Alaska and through the Canadian archipelago—though the rate of increase in the use of these routes might not be as great as sometimes anticipated in press accounts. What happens in the Arctic will affect us all and this exhibition is … 98-373 of July 31, 1984) “provide[s] for a comprehensive national policy dealing with national research needs and objectives in the Arctic.” The National Science Foundation (NSF) is the lead federal agency for implementing Arctic research policy. The United States is working with other countries regarding the management of Arctic fish stocks. Published online 6 November 2020 . As climate change, whether natural or anthropogenic, impacts the livelihoods of people across the globe, responses i.e. Summer sea ice extent has declined by 45% over the last three decades, allowing increased shipping activity. Under the Endangered Species Act, the polar bear was listed as threatened on May 15, 2008. It has just declared its first case of community transmission, 'It's not safe': Charity's iconic Sydney Christmas party falls victim to COVID-19, Decades of pandering to stars at Australian Open not enough to guarantee they'll pay their own way during COVID-19, An entire pen of Atlantic salmon escape from a southern Tasmanian fish farm, Najam's home keeps him awake at night — he says new laws won't fix it. Vulnerable communities are disproportionately impacted by the climate emergency and pollution. Climate change discovery: Sea ice in Arctic rivers melting internally . Temperatures for much of the year were 8 to 10 degrees Celsius above normal in the Siberian Arctic. Whether DOD and the Coast Guard are devoting sufficient resources to the Arctic and taking sufficient actions for defending U.S. interests in the region has emerged as a topic of congressional oversight. The Arctic Research and Policy Act (ARPA) of 1984 (Title I of P.L. Record low extents of Arctic sea ice over the past decade have focused scientific and policy attention on links to global climate change and projected ice-free seasons in the Arctic within decades. The current and future changes in the Arctic sea ice are being explored, both from changing atmospheric and oceanic conditions through Ice, Climate, Economics-Arctic Research on Change . It focuses on strengthening international cooperation, tackling climate change, enhancing environmental protection and promoting sustainable development in this region of enormous environmental and economic importance. A new integrated EU policy for the Arctic has been adopted. Studies show that the warming of the Arctic and the melting of sea ice change weather further south by altering the jet stream and other waves that move weather systems. This research will develop a better understanding of, and ability to predict, Arctic marine changes. Pan-Arctic The Last Ice Area Barents Sea Beaufort, Bering & Chukchi Seas Canada Finland Greenland Norway Russia Sweden United States Outside the Arctic. While climate change may be abstract in some places, here in the Arctic it is concrete, and becoming unsettlingly familiar. Justis Huni wants it all. Now is the time to support your USNI News team by making a gift in support of our fact-based, non-partisan news you have come to trust and rely on. The Arctic is characterised by distinct components consisting of water in frozen form: glaciers, snow, permafrost and iced-over water. The Arctic & Climate change. The WWF Arctic Programme Wildlife Arctic Climate Change Ocean Communities Oil and gas Shipping Governance. Since the 1950s a stark rise in global temperatures has been observed. Without urgent action to cut greenhouse gas emissions, the world will continue to feel the effects of a warming Arctic: rising sea levels, changes in climate and precipitation patterns, increasing severe weather events, and loss of fish stocks, birds and marine mammals. The first Arctic-focused collection of animal tracking studies reveals variations in wildlife migration, reproduction and daily movements. Letizia Diamante. As the Arctic thaws, Indigenous Alaskans demand a voice in climate change research. Arctic sea ice reaches its low point in September and its high in March after the winter. Increased oil and gas exploration and tourism (cruise ships) in the Arctic increase the risk of pollution in the region. The diminishment of Arctic sea ice has led to increased human activities in the Arctic, and has heightened interest in, and concerns about, the region’s future. On July 29, 2020, the Trump Administration announced that career diplomat James (Jim) DeHart would be the U.S. coordinator for the Arctic region. The Arctic is warming more rapidly than most other parts of the world, and many impacts of climate change are now observed throughout the region. Places. The Arctic environment is being affected by events taking place far outside the region. Cleaning up oil spills in ice-covered waters will be more difficult than in other areas, primarily because effective strategies for cleaning up oil spills in ice-covered waters have yet to be developed. The extent of ice-covered ocean at the North Pole, and extending further south to Alaska, Canada, Greenland and Russia, reached its summertime low of 3.7 million square kilometres last week before starting to grow again. 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Under the Endangered Species Act, the polar bear was listed as threatened on May 15, 2008. Climate change adaptation is a pressing issue in Greenland.The term climate change describes long-term changes to the climate system. Action. It has been connected to increased winter storminess in the east of the US, says climate scientist Jennifer Francis of the Woodwell Climate Research Center in Massachusetts. He will fully integrate climate change into our foreign policy and national security strategies, as well as our approach to trade. This specialization starts with an in-depth look at the physical geography of the Arctic and its key climate features, including the ocean's floating sea ice cover, the Greenland Ice Sheet, and patterns of temperature, precipitation, snow cover and permafrost. This service may include material from Agence France-Presse (AFP), APTN, Reuters, AAP, CNN and the BBC World Service which is copyright and cannot be reproduced. The United States is not a party to UNCLOS. Climate change is warming up the Arctic twice as fast as the rest of the world. These changes have potential consequences for weather in the United States, access to mineral and biological resources in the Arctic, the economies and cultures of peoples in the region, and national security. All parts of the cryosphere are sensitive to climate change, and they all play important roles in the global climate system. Warming that causes permafrost to melt could pose challenges to onshore exploration activities. The geopolitical environment for the Arctic has been substantially affected by the renewal of great power competition. Greenland glaciers are now releasing hundreds of gigatonnes of melted ice into the oceans each year. Now that a vaccine has been approved, does that mean we can fly overseas soon? Arctic marine changes. The dramatic loss of ice and erratic weather caused by climate change are putting unprecedented pressure on Arctic Peoples, testing their adaptive capacities and threatening their way of life. ways to prepare and adjust under changing vulnerabilities become important. This has ramifications for the entire planet, as change spreads through interconnected global networks that are environmental, cultural, economic and political. Offered by University of Colorado Boulder. What has South Australia's messy lockdown done for its coronavirus response? An arctic fox tracked with a satellite collar carries a goose egg on Bylot Island, Nunavut, in the Canadian Arctic Archipelago. NSIDC director Mark Serreze said a Siberian heat wave last spring and a natural Arctic climate phenomenon were at play, as well as the warming from the burning of coal, oil and natural gas. The United States, by virtue of Alaska, is an Arctic country and has substantial interests in the region. Although there continues to be significant international cooperation on Arctic issues, the Arctic is increasingly viewed as an arena for geopolitical competition among the United States, Russia, and China. Climate change affecting Arctic animal behaviour. From September to March, the amount of sea ice in the Arctic can double or triple. It has been connected to increased winter storminess in the east of the US, says climate scientist Jennifer Francis of the Woodwell Climate Research Center in Massachusetts. Climate components in the Arctic. Stand up to the abuse of power by polluters who disproportionately harm communities of color and low-income communities. The Arctic is undergoing rapid and dramatic environmental and social transformations due to climate change. Climate change in the Arctic Earth's northernmost regions are a global warming hotspot, with some areas experiencing up to three times the warming of the rest of the world, Casas-Prat said. The resulting rapid reduction in Arctic multi-year sea ice has had, and will continue to have, profound consequences for the peoples and communities of the Arctic. The Department of Defense (DOD) and the Coast Guard are devoting increased attention to the Arctic in their planning and operations. Called SOLO 100, the project will see Mark Wood venturing alone and unaided across the remaining Arctic sea ice on Earth in order to get people talking about climate change.“Not everyone can see how we directly impact the planet; and what we don’t see, we tend to ignore. The Arctic Council, created in 1996, is the leading international forum for addressing issues relating to the Arctic. Up the Arctic: Background and Issues for Congress Arctic marine changes ) and the Coast Guard devoting... The region to 10 degrees Celsius above normal in the Arctic could affect threatened and endangered species, and of... 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